8/25/2010

Ota Dokan and Edo

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Ota Dokan Memorial Day

***** Location: Japan
***** Season: Early Autumn
***** Category: Observance


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Explanation

DOOKAN, Ota Dokan, Oota Dookan 太田道灌

(1432-1486)
Died 文明18年7月26日(1486年8月25日 August 25)

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observance kigo for early autumn

Dookan Ki 道灌忌 (どうかんき) Dokan Memorial Day



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The famous monomizuka is at the temple Hongyo-Ji 本行寺, see haiku below.
Dookan monomizuka 道灌物見塚.


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Ōta Dōkan 太田 道灌
1432 - August 25, 1486
also known as Ōta Sukenaga (太田 資長) or Ōta Dōkan Sukenaga, was a Japanese samurai warrior-poet, military tactician and Buddhist monk. Ōta Sukenaga took the tonsure as a Buddhist priest in 1478, and he also adopted the Buddhist name, Dōkan, by which is known today.

Dōkan is best known as the architect and builder of Edo Castle (now the Imperial Palace) in 1457, in what is today modern Tokyo; and he is considered the founder of the castle town which grew up around that Ōnin era fortress.

Dōkan met an untimely end at Uesugi Sadamasa's home in Sagami (modern-day Kanagawa) after he was falsely accused of disloyalty during a period when the Uesugi family struggled through an internal clan conflict. His death poem is as follows:

Kakaru toki
sakoso inochi no
oshikarame
kanete nakimi to
omoishirazuba

Had I not known
that I was dead
already
I would have mourned
the loss of my life.
[Tr. Yoel Hoffmann]

Following his death, the castle was then abandoned until it was taken over by Tokugawa Ieyasu in 1590.

Dōkan's residence in Kamakura became Eisho-ji, a Buddhist temple.
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !


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Dokan Festival in Isehara, Kanagawa
伊勢原道灌祭り Dookan Matsuri
Second Weekend in October



Visiting Dokan Ohta
This tour course combines several tourist sites in Tokyo and two other prefectures, in relation to the historical figure, Dokan Ohta. Experiencing the local culture through food, festivals, and other facets is a shortcut to the rediscovery of these areas!
source : www.funade.jp


The remains of his old residence can be visited at
Mount Dokan, Dokanyama 道灌山, a favorite spot for visitors even in the Edo period.
See woodblock prints below.


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Worldwide use


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Things found on the way





'Yamabuki-no-Mino"

The warrior Ota Dokan Sukenaga (1432-1486) was caught in a rain storm and sought refuge at a rundown mill. The owner's daughter, instead of bringing him a rain coat, brought a fan decorated with yellow mountain rose flowers yamabuki, making reference to the stylized five petal flower design on his family crest mon, seen on his left sleeve.
. Ota Dokan and the Flower Maiden  




by Ogata Gekkō (1859-1920) Ogata Gekko

- source : facebook

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. Edo Castel, Edo joo 江戸城
The History of Edo Castle 


. Edo, The City That Became Tokyo  


. 100 Favorite Dishes of Edo 江戸料理百選


. Tokyo - Local Dishes



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HAIKU





陽炎や道潅どのの物見塚
kageroo ya Dookan dono no monomizuka

heat shimmers -
the look-out hill
of Ota Dokan

Kobayashi Issa

In the year 1811 Issa went to visit the temple Hongyo-Ji 本行寺 (Hongyooji) in Arakawa ward, Tokyo (Edo at the time) on Januray 29th. Now there is only a stone memorial where Dokan built his first look-out for enemies.

. . . . .

In this haiku, Issa pays tribute to Ota Dokan - the Monomizuka must still have existed when he came here. But all the same, a sandhill is not much as the sole remembrance of the founder of Edo and in the summer heat Issa only sees a column of shimmering, hot air.
Ad G. Blankestijn, Japan.


. Heat Shimmers and Haiku


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Dokanyama, Utagawa Hiroshige


稲の花道灌山の日和かな
ine no hana Dookanyama no biyori kana

rice blossoming -
a fine day to visit
Mount Dokan

. Masaoka Shiki 正岡子規
age 28


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Dokanyama and fireflies, Hiroshige



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Related words

***** . Memorial Days in Autumn  

. Welcome to Edo 江戸 ! .


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2 comments:

Gabi Greve said...

The Edo Clan of the Musashi Taira 武蔵江戸氏 Musashi Edo-Shi

They lived in the 江戸郷 Edo Go, their Homeland in the Musashi Plain. It was located in the 日比谷の入江 Hibiya no Irie inlet.
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and later Ota Dokan built his castle there . .
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Edo history
https://edoflourishing.blogspot.jp/2016/12/the-edo-clan.html
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Gabi Greve said...

Gofunai henro pilgrim temple 16
亀頂山 Kichozan 蜜乗院 Mitsujo-In 三寶寺 Sanpo-Ji
In 1477 it was relocated to ist present place by 太田道灌 Ota Dokan.
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https://gokurakuparadies.blogspot.jp/2017/01/gofunai-temples-16-and-17.html
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